Health Promotion during Postpartum Period
Health Promotion during Postpartum Period
In the article “The Broken Thread of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention for Women During the Postpartum Period”, Walker, Murphey and Nichols (2015) report their findings on the gaps in health promotion services that target mothers after pregnancy. The authors recognized that challenges in the post-partum period affect maternal health and future pregnancy outcomes. Based on this observation, the authors tried to find out the gaps in healthcare promotion in the post-partum period. Also, the authors investigated whether the US is doing enough to prevent diseases in women after pregnancy. The article can be well understood based on how it gives evidence on the topic of health promotion in the post-partum period. It can also be understood based on how it highlights the relationship and implications of the findings to nursing practice and patient’s care.
The article recognizes the role of maternal health promotion in the post-partum period as a strategy for improving the wellbeing of women. Walker et al. (2015) assert that changes in lifestyle in the post-partum period require healthcare interventions that protect women against chronic diseases. Asci and Rathfisch (2016) agree with this assertion as they argue that the best lifestyle interventions in the post-partum stages should focus on diet, weight gain and physical activities. By recognizing the importance of the topic to mothers and healthcare providers, the article forms the foundation for the presentation of evidence. Walker et al. (2015) use previous studies to find evidence on whether women in the US get adequate lifestyle health interventions in the post-partum period. However, the findings show women in the US have unmet informational needs on emotional and physical health interventions that they need to prevent chronic diseases in post-partum stages.
For instance, Walker et al. (2015) indicate that women in the US feel unsupported as they struggle with physical and emotional symptoms, lifestyle adjustments and infant caregiving. The finding suggests that mothers feel that healthcare providers fail to support them in the lifestyle adjustments. Jones, Peercy, Fraley, and Seely (2015) support this finding by asserting that mothers experience difficulties in their lifestyle adjustments when they lack support from their families and healthcare providers. Walker et al. (2015) also found evidence showing that more than half of mothers in the US find it difficult to cope during the post-partum period as they struggle with stress, body image, and sexuality. With these struggles, it is difficult for women to embrace lifestyle adjustments that guarantee their physical and emotional fitness (Asci & Rathfisch, 2016). These findings show the success of the article in presenting the topic and evidence that relate to the research questions and the aim of the study.
Additionally, the article asserts that there are gaps in the information that women receive concerning the lifestyle changes they need to embrace in the post-partum period. Using previous studies, Walker and colleagues (2015) found that nearly half of women receive adequate information on the lifestyle adjustments they need to prevent chronic diseases after birth. The findings by Jones et al. (2015) show that women can embrace lifestyle adjustments when they get enough advice concerning the health conditions they need to prevent. The research by Walker et al (2015) provides evidence that indicates that women get insufficient advice concerning their lifestyle adjustments after birth. The findings demonstrate that the article adequately answers its research questions based on evidence from previous studies.
Also, the article adequately relates its findings to the nursing practice and patient’s care. For instance, the authors indicate that the article acts as the blueprint that healthcare providers such as nurses can use to design healthcare interventions that can help mothers to embrace lifestyle adjustments to promote their health and prevent chronic diseases (Walker et al., 2015). By relating gaps in healthcare promotion and chronic diseases such as depression, gestational diabetes, and hypersensitivity, the article succeeds in demonstrating the relationship between nursing and healthcare interventions. The article also highlights the strategies that nurses can use to respond to maternal healthcare needs during the post-partum period. It suggests that nurses should embrace support interventions that help mothers adjust their lifestyles to avoid chronic diseases. According to Jones et al. (2015), nurses need to help mothers know the kind of diet they need and physical fitness activities that they can perform to avoid diseases that are common in the post-partum period. Thus, the article connects the topic to the nursing practice.
The article implies that the nursing practice should incorporate risk assessment of chronic diseases, healthcare promotion interventions, and lifestyle modification strategies to enhance health care promotion to mothers at the post-partum period. According to Slomian, Honvo, Emonts, Reginster, and Bruyère (2019) and Balbierz, Bodnar-Deren, Wang, and Howell (2015), nurses should design specific strategies that align with the needs of women in post-partum stages to ensure the success of healthcare promotion interventions. Walker's et al. (2015) article implies that the nursing practice targeting mothers should focus on system-level interventions that strive to prevent and respond to diseases that are common during the post-partum period. Also, the findings of the article imply that patient's care practices for women in post-partum stages should integrate health home that integrates family care, community and social services and provision of healthcare at the hospital. Integrating healthcare at different community levels enables women to cope with common challenges at post-partum stages. Therefore, the findings of the article imply the need for changes in nursing practice and patient’s care approaches.
In conclusion, the article presents gaps that exist in the promotion of healthcare services to prevent post-partum diseases. The authors found that there are gaps in healthcare interventions that target mothers in post-partum stages. The authors provide adequate evidence to back up their findings and analyze the topic. Based on the findings, the article implies that changing nursing practices and patient’s care approaches is necessary to integrate various strategies to respond to the healthcare needs of mothers after birth. As a result, the article is an essential source that can provide adequate information to researchers in the nursing practice.
Aşcı, Ö., & Rathfisch, G. (2016). Effect of lifestyle interventions of pregnant women on their dietary habits, lifestyle behaviors, and weight gain: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, 35(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41043-016-0044-2
Balbierz, A., Bodnar-Deren, S., Wang, J. J., & Howell, E. A. (2015). Maternal depressive symptoms and parenting practices 3-months post-partum. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(6), 1212-1219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-014-1625-6
Jones, E. J., Peercy, M., Fraley, H., & Seely, E. W. (2014, June). Identifying Postpartum Intervention Approaches to Reduce Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in American Indian Women with Previous Gestational Diabetes. In Endocrine Reviews (Vol. 35, No. 3). 2055 L ST NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036 USA: Endocrine Society. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.140566
Slomian, J., Honvo, G., Emonts, P., Reginster, J. Y., & Bruyère, O. (2019). Consequences of maternal post-partum depression: a systematic review of maternal and infant outcomes. Women's Health, 15, 1745506519844044. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745506519844044
Walker, L. O., Murphey, C. L., & Nichols, F. (2015). The broken thread of health promotion and disease prevention for women during the post-partum period. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 24(2), 81. https://doi.org/10.1891/1058-1243.24.2.81